Geochemical Investigation of Clay Minerals in Marte, Borno State, Nigeria.

  • F. D. Adams Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Maiduguri, P. M. B. 1069, Maiduguri
  • M. V. Joseph Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Maiduguri, P. M. B. 1069, Maiduguri
  • B. Shettima Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Maiduguri, P. M. B. 1069, Maiduguri

Abstract

Clay deposit collected from various locations in Marte (Northern Borno), were studied to determine their physical and chemical characteristics in order to evaluate their suitability for industrial uses. Major and trace element analyses were carried out on clay samples using Inductively Couple Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) and X- Ray Fluorescence (XRF). The result of the chemical analysis of the ten (10) samples collected showed significant amounts of SiO2 and Al2O3. Silica content ranges from 51.48 to 62.44 % while alumina varies from 12.49 to 19.00 %. The calcium oxide ranges from 1.17 to 3.39 %, Na2O ranges from 1.1 to 8.61 %, K2O from 1.54 to 3.66 %, MgO varies from 0.04 to0.14 %, Fe2O3 varies from 0.3 to 2.7 % and MnO ranges from 0.01 to 1.03 %. The result showed that the clays are mainly smectite with quartz and felspar as the main non-clay minerals. Generally, the geochemical results of the samples do not meet the standard for industrial utilization when compared to the Industrial specifications. However, for industrial utilization, some of the clay samples may be used after necessary beneficiations.

Published
Oct 2, 2017
How to Cite
ADAMS, F. D.; JOSEPH, M. V.; SHETTIMA, B.. Geochemical Investigation of Clay Minerals in Marte, Borno State, Nigeria.. Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 5, p. 544-554, oct. 2017. ISSN 2545-5818. Available at: <http://azojete.com.ng/index.php/azojete/article/view/229>. Date accessed: 25 may 2019.
Section
Articles