Design and Fabrication of an Anaerobic Digester

  • M. S. Abubakar Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
  • S. A. Bello Food Crop Production Technology Transfer Station, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Kano, Nigeria

Abstract

Anaerobic digester is a physical structure that provides a conducive environment for the multiplication of micro-organisms that degrades organic matter to generate biogas energy. Energy is required in agriculture for crop production, processing and storage, poultry production and electricity for farmstead and farm settlements. It is energy that propels agricultural mechanization, which minimizes the use of human and animal muscles and its inherent drudgery in agriculture. The energy demand required to meet up with the agricultural growth in Nigeria is high and growing every year. In this study the design and fabrication of an anaerobic digester was reported which is an attempt to boost energy requirement for small and medium dryland farmers in Nigeria. The design of the digester includes the following concept; the basic principles of anaerobic digestion processes, socio-economic status of the dryland farmers, amount of biogas to be produced. Finally, the digester was fabricated using locally available raw materials within the dryland area of Nigeria. At the end, preliminary flammability test was conducted and the biogas produced was found to be flammable.

Published
Feb 1, 2017
How to Cite
ABUBAKAR, M. S.; BELLO, S. A.. Design and Fabrication of an Anaerobic Digester. ARID ZONE JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 1, p. 77-85, feb. 2017. ISSN 2545-5818. Available at: <http://azojete.com.ng/index.php/azojete/article/view/65>. Date accessed: 27 june 2017.
Section
Articles