Performance Evaluation of 200W Solar Photovoltaic Panel Considering Bauchi Microclimatic Conditions.
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Characteristic curves
Terrestrial solar radiation
Mathematical Modeling
Microclimate Parameters
PV Systems

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Mustapha, K., Aliyu, U. O., & Bakare, G. A. (2022). Performance Evaluation of 200W Solar Photovoltaic Panel Considering Bauchi Microclimatic Conditions . ARID ZONE JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT, 18(1), 97-108. Retrieved from


Measurement and modeling of broadband and spectral terrestrial solar radiation is important for the evaluation and deployment of solar renewable energy systems. This paper focuses on optimizing the performance of 200W solar module taking into consideration the local climatic conditions of Bauchi locality. The uncertainty in life cycle savings for solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) systems as linearly correlated with uncertainty in solar resource data. These uncertainties paved way for the need to conduct a critical assessment of the resource. Assessment of the solar resource for these technologies rely upon measured data, where available. In this paper, we present the development of mathematical model of photovoltaic solar cells based on their detailed single diode equivalent circuit representation. Pertinent simulation models for PV solar module both for an ideal weather situation and for taking into consideration the effects of microclimatic conditions that prevail in Bauchi as evaluated and compared with benchmarks available. The complete model of the PV system was implemented using MATLAB/Simulink platform.  The standard characteristic curves for the 200W solar panel are as presented. The simulation of the ideal PV system made use of standard test conditions (STC) to facilitate comparison with the existing benchmark results in the literature. The analysis of the characteristics performance curves returned an average VOC = 42.9v and ISC = 4.21A. The simulation results further revealed that the power delivered by the 200W monocrystalline solar module of 144.3W @620W/m2, 35ºC as recorded for Bauchi under all climatic conditions as evaluated. The benchmark values obtained in the laboratory are VOC = 45.5V, ISC = 5.92A and 200-W under the Standard test condition (STC) conditions of cell temperature 25ºC, solar irradiance of 1000W/m2 and air mass (AM) of 1.5. The average conversion efficiency and fill factor as evaluated are 0.77 and 16% respectively. This result agrees with the benchmark of module efficiency of >15.66% recorded at STC. The results conclusively reveal that the microclimate of a locality essentially affects the performances of solar PV systems deployed to each location on the globe. Therefore, utilization of these parameters is essential for consideration in the design of solar systems in all localities.

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